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Module 6 Quiz Questions

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This may be explained as a balancing strategy, wherein the individual uses aggression as a means of relieving distress and feeling better about themselves (Toch, 1993). A person with a lower Self Image may also believe that he/she has no place in society and thus wishes to reject the said society and its social rules. Aggression would be one way of exhibiting these emotions. An example would be of a person who believes that he/she is not capable of coping with the stresses of life. They would be over-whelmed by events, and would harbor anger about mistakes and negative experiences. Since they feel incapable of resolving the situations at hand. they may become defensive when mistakes are pointed out. and may respond aggressively (Toch, 1993). On the other hand, an individual who has high self esteem and self view is more likely to associate with positive behavior to maintain this self view. and thus is less likely to act aggressively (Toch, 1993). References Donnellan, M. B., Trzesniewski, K. H., Robins, R. W., Moffitt, T. E., amp. Caspi, A. (2005). Low self-esteem is related to aggression, antisocial behavior, and delinquency. Psychological Science, 16, 328-335. Toch, H. (1993). Violent men: An inquiry into the psychology of violence. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.? 2. Analyze the effect of emotions on health with reference to the biological component of stress. Although the stress response of an individual is often described with respect to its cognitive and emotional aspects. it has a strong physical component as well. When a person experiences stress, the brain triggers a pituitary and adrenal response that floods the body with corticosteroids. which in turn triggers the flight or fight response by triggering the release of Epinephrine(Aldwin, 2007). The hypothalamus and Amygdala are also triggered, and the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis monitors the levels of Cortisol that are released and sustained (Ron de Kloet, Joels amp. Holsboer, 2005). When a stress response is extended or chronic, the high levels of Cortisol can cause the breakdown of the smooth functioning of various bodily systems like the cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system, digestive system, and the immune system (Ron de Kloet, Joels amp. Holsboer, 2005). Emotions are controlled by the Amygdala, which plays a valuable role in the stress control pathway or the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis (Aldwin, 2007). Emotional arousal can trigger the stress-response and thus, trigger the production of Cortisol. When a person experiences a stressful situation for a long time. they are likely to have high levels of Cortisol in the body (Aldwin, 2007). Thus, emotionally charged situations can lead to physical symptoms associated with various bodily systems and can include stomach upsets, aches and pains, reduced energy and immunity and an experience of exhaustion (Ron de Kloet, Joels amp. Holsboer, 2005). References Aldwin, C. (2007). Stress, Coping, and Development, (2nd ed). New York: The Guilford Press. Ron de Kloet, E. Joels, M. amp. Holsboer, F. (2005). Stress and the brain: from adaptation to disease. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 6 (6): 463–475.? 3. Assess the learned component of anxiety with reference to at least two major theories. Anxiety is an emotional response to stressful situations. but some people are more likely to feel anxious in stressful