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Middle East and International Relations

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The discovery of oil in the region, in the 20th century, brought about an economic revolution and the economic as well as the strategic significance of the Middle East grew. The conflicts in the Middle Eastern region have primarily revolved around the differences from the religious point of view. The establishment of a Jew state, Israel, in Palestine rose tensions between the Muslims and the Jews. This led to the well known Arab-Israel Wars resulting in the thousands of casualties from both the sides. After the Second World War, the weakening of Europe provided a chance to those Middle Eastern countries, which were the colonies of various European countries, to break free and become independent. This had a geopolitical impact on the region. It became important to hold control of the oil and other natural resources and to do so the support of dictators and military rulers was supported by the West which had a severe impact on the human rights issues in this region. In the years to come, this gave rise to extremist ideologies among the youth which were deprived of their basic rights.
Among the issues prevailing in the Middle East, the issue of Palestine would be of core importance, not only today but also in the days to come. The conflict between the Jews and the Muslims started after the formation of Israel, a Jew state. Over the years since its creation, a question has been asked again and again. Should the Jews be allowed to have their own country or should the land, which constitutes of modern Israel, be given back to the Palestinians to redevelop and reform an independent, sovereign and an autonomous Palestinian state? This conflict dates back to the First World War.