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Microcirculation and Blood Pressure

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Microcirculation and Blood Pressure Microcirculation and Blood Pressure Question The reduction of plasma protein often causes oedema that leads to decrease in BCOP thereby reducing the fluid absorption in the capillaries. Therefore, a person with liver failure can never synthesize the required amount of plasma protein (Sherwood, 2007). This situation often leads to oncotic pressure thereby affecting filtration and leading to subsequent reabsorption. This situation leads Nephrotic syndrome, a kidney failure that leads to filtration of the large amount of protein into the urine. The urines protein is usually leaked into the blood via the kidney thereby leading to oedema (Bartl and Frisch, 2004). Notably, the enormous amount of protein in the urine leads to water and salt retention in the kidney. This situation often leads to increased build-up of fluid including blood in the limbs and lungs. These fluid usually leak from the legs’ capillaries into the interstitial spaces.
Question 2
Measurement of blood pressure is never an easy task, as the process often seems. Notably, some doctors often do not follow the right procedure in carrying out this process. The detailed minor process should be carried out to ensure that accurate measurements are obtained. Blood pressure in everyone’s body often fluctuates rapidly (Porth and Porth, 2011). Moreover, the complex body system often affects and regulates the blood pressure. For instance, standing up may lead to rise or fall in blood pressure. Therefore, when measuring one’s blood pressure, the involved doctor should advise his or her patient to sit in some definite positions. Closing of legs or hanging of a patient’s arms too low will automatically raise such patients’ blood pressure thereby leading wrong blood pressure reading. Thus, numerous guidelines are in effect and should be followed properly while measuring blood pressure to ensure accurate results (Porth and Porth, 2011).
References
Bartl, R., &amp. Frisch, B. (2004).&nbsp.Osteoporosis: Diagnosis, prevention, therapy : a practical guide for all physicians – from pediatrics to geriatrics. Berlin: Springer.
Porth, C., &amp. Porth, C. (2011).&nbsp.Essentials of pathophysiology: Concepts of altered health states. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams &amp. Wilkins.
Sherwood, L. (2007).&nbsp.Human physiology: From cells to systems. Australia: Thomson/Brooks/Cole.