Managing Change in Public Sector

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Hence, today it has become an important task to manage the change in public sector. This paper discusses the issues related to managing change in public sector and its impact.Public managers in the organizations are often required to initiate major change or transformation in their agencies (Kee and Davis, 2006). Hence these managers are often required to possess a unique leadership called the change leadership. This concept of leadership is different from the normal leadership or management of a public agency. They need to carefully assess the risk and rewards, and a skill to manage risk in a way that protects the leader, the agency, and other stakeholders.There are several influences on public managers that demand change leadership. Public managers at different levels of government are under pressure to be more performance oriented. This includes various performance-based approaches such as performance-based budgeting, the federal Government Performance and Results Act, and a variety of pay for performance plans. To encourage competence and improve effectiveness, public managers need to be competitive and entrepreneurial, including efforts at contracting-out, competitive sourcing, and various public-private partnerships.Government officials need to quickly respond to changing demands brought about by globalization, new threats, such as terrorism, and uncertain events, such as Hurricane Katrina. One of the common factors in all of the above factors is the need for agencies to change themselves which is not easy. Though potential rewards may be good enough, change carries risks for the agency, the manager, and other stakeholders.In contrast to private sector, public sector leaders have considerably more stakeholders. They include those within the organization, such as the trade unions, and those outside the organization, such as