Literature Review on Palliative Care

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dical treatment of the patient but emotional, social as well as spiritual support is also provided to the patients and their families in order to reduce the overall suffering of the patients.
It is however, critical to note that over the period of time, increase in life expectancy and health standards have actually increased the ratio of patients having chronic diseases. The increased in life expectancy has brought with it some negatives too and as such palliative care has emerged out of this necessity to reduce the suffering and pain of the patients. Due to overall nature and complexity of the issue, there are different models which are being used by the healthcare professionals to administer Palliative care.
The word Palliative has its roots in the Latin word “Pallium” meaning cloak or covers and is often used literally as to relieve without actually curing. In literal term, it also refers to the treatment provided to the patients which normally do not respond to the curative treatment. It is considered as a complex system wherein palliative care service providers have to actually upgrade their skills and abilities to match them with the unique requirements of the each patient. The overall complexity of the care involved therefore requires that Palliative care should be delivered by healthcare professionals who are skilled and trained to provide such services.( Davison, 2004)
World Health Organization has put more emphasis on this aspect of providing healthcare and has even changed the definition of the term. It suggests that Palliative care is an approach that actually improves the life of the patient as well as the patient family. This treatment however, is given to the patients facing life threatening diseases and is administrated through prevention and relief from suffering.( Finlay , Higginson , Goodwin et al 2002)
The overall movement for Palliative care started as a separate and distinctive medical specialty started to emerge during 1987. It