The presence of certain words in a sentence may lead to ambiguity. This could mean a perceived confusion with what is being conveyed by the sentence and may lead to different interpretations of the meaning. Words like ‘light’ could mean both not dark and not heavy. The presence of these words in a sentence can have both a lexical and structural basis of ambiguity.
The meaning of a sentence is an important part of learning linguistics. The meaning of a sentence in linguistics is the message the source articulates to the recipient. Some of the factors that may affect meaning are pragmatics, semantics, ambiguity and conceptual meaning. Studying sentence meaning raises important issues on the relevant data, on the relationship between this data and theories and the use concepts as intuitions about the data in the sentence. Sentence meaning is a complex and difficult aspect of linguistics. Its study should be introduced gradually. It should begin with an overall view of linguistic theory and how a semantic representation can be interpreted in context.
The meaning of a sentence is influenced by both the linguistics and the non-linguistic factors of language. The linguistic factors include morphology, lexicon, phonology and syntax. The non-linguistic factors include semantics and pragmatics. Morphology is the study of morphemes which are the minimal units of linguistic meaning and form that makeup words. Morphemes determine words and words are the backbones of any sentence. Morphology in the English language influences the meaning of words according to how they are expressed. There are two types of morphemes, free and bound. Free morphemes can occur alone, such as the word bad, however, bound occur together, such as, ‘ly’. The bound morphemes are sometimes called affixes. They are bound because their meaning will only be understood if it does not stand alone, for example, badly. These include prefixes, .suffixes, infixes and circumfixes. .