Leviathan Written by Thomas Hobbes

0 Comment

Hobbes formed different chapters in arguments with the main being chapter three of the leviathan with the view of human in the natural state. Fool arguments were mainly based on chapter 15 of the Leviathan.
In Leviathan the philosopher set out the doctrines of the foundation of the state and creating an objective science of morality which led to social contract theory which was written during the English civil war. (Hobbes and Gaskin, 1998, p. 132) Hobbes 15 was not foolish since it brings the understanding of the people on how life would be without the government. He referred to it as the state of nature. In the set of condition, everyone in the state would have the licenses and the right to everything that the individual wants. (Huggins, 1995, p. 90) there is no ownership of anything in the natural setting and this makes the inability of a contract to be given. There is no commonwealth in the set and makes it there being nothing illegal or unjust in the society. This would lead to the war of all against all as Hobbes described it. In the condition, there would be no need of industries since the outcomes would be uncertain. There would also be no societies, no knowledge of the happenings of the earth and no account of time. (Hobbes and Missner, 2008, p. 76) This would just lead to more fear amongst the people, the danger of violent deaths making the life of the people poor, nasty and short. In a state without a government, people would fear death and lack the necessities required for better living with no hop to work to get the necessities. (Hobbes and Gaskin, 1998, p. 312) Due to the fear and lack of the necessities, the people agreed to a social contract which led to the formation of civil society where some rules and rights were placed for the sake of protection in the society. (Huggins, 1995, p. 34) The necessity of the decision was that the power exercised by the authority couldnot be resisted since the power was put by the individuals for their protection.