Guy (2005) points out that a person is fitted with the prowess to speak in a particular language or tone. A person can adapt to express themselves or communicate in any language they are exposed to. From this definition, one may define language as a way in which a person adapts a way of communication and expression.
Lexicon refers to the language, words or text that relates to a particular object. Objects have the ability to create composition of words from which they could refer to. In addition, Lexicon also refers to the association of words that refer to a particular group of people. Lexicon also can be defined as a language associated with a particular group of people. Lexicon enables people to identify with a particular object or group. In an argument by Geert (2005) lexicon enables people to share the same expression towards a particular group or object. For instance, a certain group of people or a community may have an identity language. This particular language is defined as lexicon since it describes a particular community. Different from a language, a lexicon cannot be universal. In addition, lexicon is involuntary as persons are born or presented to a particular lexicon based on their place of birth or community of birth.
Phonetics is a component of language that define the pronunciation and perception of words. It is the study of sound as used in speech. Different languages have specific ways in which phonetics define their interpretation and perception. In an argument by Metcalf (2002) phonetics also define the way in which people understand speech. For instance, pronunciation differs from person to person depending on their understanding on a particular language. Phonetics studies the effectiveness of pronunciation and understanding speech.
A word is the main component language. A word is a creation or a definition of a particular object, subject or situation. Additionally, words are used to connect between different definitions. A