Best Location and Best CandidateKyami ClarkeUniversity of Maryland University CollegeWritten Assignment 5 | Paper C1BMGT 364 6387 Management and Organization Theory (2188)Professor Rachel ClaySpring 2019IntroductionThe new infant formula manufacturing plant needs to be located in a region that has a high demand for organic products. The location should also have a population that can provide relatively cheap labour but should sufficiently be knowledgeable. Further, the location needs to have good infrastructure, and land policies should be favourable to foreign investors. Among Ohio, Malaysia, and China, Malaysia is the most suitable country since it values resource sustainability; has good infrastructure; has a relatively cheap but qualified labour force, and land policies are favourable to foreign investors. The best candidate for the position is Sloan since she has more knowledge in biotechnology, and her interests are aligned with the company’s mission and vision.Best LocationOhioThe state of Ohio covers approximately 116,100 km2. It has a total population of 11.4 million people. The number of infants can be estimated at a third of the total population. The people of Ohio put high priority to consumption of healthy organic food. The majority of farmers in the state prefer farming methods that do not degrade the environment, and they grow foods that they believe are good for human consumption. The people of Ohio also value organic food and prefer manufactured food products and dietary supplements to be as natural as possible. Ohio Farmers Association have are increasingly, Environmental Protection Agencies, and self-help groups in Ohio are encouraging the residents to avoid consuming artificially manufactured food products and instead embrace products that contain natural products (Black, 2015). There is also enough supply of the raw materials needed for the production of the infant formula. MalaysiaMalaysia is an Asian country with a population of about 32.1 million people by 2017. The country occupies a total surface area of about 330,803 km2. It is among the countries that are on the forefront concerning resource conservation and the protection of biodiversity. Malaysia is a signatory to the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity, which has guided it to form the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. This and other environmental protection policies have enabled the country to put environmental conservation activities on high priority. The Malaysian cuisine consists mainly of organic foods, with minimally processed foods. This has greatly been influenced by the culture of its people who highly value organic foods and products made from natural formulas. As such, the infant product can readily be appreciated both by the country’s health agencies and environment watchdogs since the infant formula is made from natural ingredients, and the new production plant will utilise green production methods.ChinaChina is an Asian country in the Far Eastern part of the globe. It is the most populated country in the world, with a population of approximately 1.386 million, which is about 18% of the total world population. The country’s economy is among the fastest growing economies in the world. The country is rich regarding the availability of raw materials since the majority of people rely on farming as a source of living (Lu et al., 2015). As such, it will be easy to get raw materials, and with the high population, it is possible to get cheap labour. However, most of the labourers in China are not as highly skilled as may be expected for the new company that is in need of innovative minds. Most Chinese entrepreneurs copy or imitate the technologies of other companies. Nevertheless, the country’s environmental protection policies are not as effective as required since China is among the biggest polluters of the environment due to heavy reliance on coal, and absence of real laws that can govern environmental pollution.The Most Suitable Location Out of the four locations, Malaysia is the best country for the company to create the infant manufacturing plant. Although China has a significant population, there are high rates of counterfeiting, and trade policies do not favour foreign investors since investors are sometimes forced by Chinese government agencies to reveal their trade secrets in order to be allowed to operate in the country (Wang & Wing, 2018). The land is also a limiting factor in China due to the country’s high population and government unfavourable land policies. Although the US is highly developed, it is not quite the best choice for the new manufacturing plant. This is because the environmental policies are too harsh for a starting company, and there are also well-established companies that are likely to give high competition to the new company. The land is also expensive in the US as compared to the other locations. Ohio is also a suitable location for the new manufacturing plant. However, there are many well-established competitors in Ohio, which will provide significant challenges for the new manufacturing company to kick off. The price of land in Ohio is also higher as compared to Malaysia. Malaysia is the most suitable location for the new manufacturing plant. This is because the country has well established environmental protection laws, and the number of companies manufacturing infant formulas is not as high as those in other countries. This means that it will be easy for the new manufacturing plant to pick up and quickly establish a market base in Malaysia as compared to the other countries. The price of land and land policies in Malaysia are also the most suitable than in other countries, meaning that it will be easy for the company to acquire land in Malaysia. There are also efficient and effective transport infrastructures that reach the rural centres, which will facilitate the secure distribution of raw materials and final products. The country also has relatively cheap but knowledgeable labour as compared to with the US and Ohio that have skilled but expensive labour.Best CandidateSloanSloan has been an Executive Director of the company’s branch in Europe. This means that she is capable of taking up managerial roles in the new company without difficulties since she has sufficiently worked as the branch leader. Sloan has been liked by the employees she worked with since she is considerate and inclusive. This means that she has the capability of making employees work passionately and like their work. The practice in which managers become inclusive and allow employees to come up with new ideas has been shown to increase employees’ innovativeness (Honkaniemi, Lehtonen & Hasu, 2015). Sloan’s interests also align with Biotech’s mission, vision, and philosophy since she is concerned with issues of environmental-friendliness, and products that are good both for human and animal health. Although she does not have marketing experience, she can effectively run the company. Maddie CooperCooper has 25 years of experience in running an infant formula company. This gives her an advantage over Sloan who has 12 years of experience in managerial issues. Cooper can thus run the new branch of the infant formula effectively due to her many years of experience. However, her leadership approach is the bureaucratic hands-on approach, which tends to be dictatorial at best. This means that the employees will not be given enough opportunities to express their ideas freely for consideration, and the employees will highly likely to work under pressure. This is likely to reduce their motivation and creativity.Further, Maddie’s perspective does not align well with the company’s interests since she is against the company’s idea of sustainability and green production initiatives. Maddie is not the best candidate to lead the new branch. This is because her interests conflict with the company’s objectives, and her leadership style does not encourage employee innovativeness, which is against Biotech’s policies.Bentley Hughes Hughes has been the owner of the newly acquired plant and has run the company effectively with advancement in sales. However, he is more suited for performing logistics functions rather than overseeing green production methods and fostering innovativeness. The main point that makes him be considered is the sales agreement rather than his qualifications. There is no evidence that he can effectively encourage employees’ innovativeness, and that he has skills regarding issues to do with biotechnology. This means that he can face significant challenges and experience difficulties when it comes to manufacturing or improvising diverse brands of the infant formula. For these reasons, Sloan is the best candidate for the position. A sales and marketing manager can be appointed to take care of sales and marketing. ConclusionThe best location for the new infant formula manufacturing firm among the four regions in Malaysia. This is because, among the four countries, it is the one with relatively cheap labour that is highly skilled. The cost of land is also fair, and there is no stiff competition. The best candidate for the leadership position in the new manufacturing plant is Sloan. This is because her interests are aligned with the company’s, and she is qualified on issues regarding biotechnology.ReferencesBlack, K. J. (2016).The Relationship of Food Security to Health Parameters of Women Using
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