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Is Aristotle’S Account Of Different Nations In These Pictures An Example Of Biological Determinism And Of

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BOOK 7. CHAPTER 7
this sort of aggrandizement should not possess a trading center of this sort.
(s) Since we see at present many territories and cities having ports and har-
bors that are naturally well positioned in relation to the city, so that they nei-
35 ther form part of the same town nor are overly far away, but are dominated
by walls and other fortifications of this sort,quot; it is evident that if any good
thing results from such access, this will be available to the city, while any-
thing harmful can be guarded against easily by means of laws that stipulate
and define which sorts of persons should and which should not have deal-
ings with one another.
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(6) Concerning naval power, it is not unclear that it is best to have a cer-
1327b
tain amount of it. They should be formidable and capable of putting up a de-
fense by sea as well as by land not only for themselves but also for certain of
their neighbors. (7) Concerning the extent and size of this force, one must
5
look to the way of life of the city. If it is going to have a way of life that in-
volves leadership and is political, it must necessarily have this sort of power
available as well to match its actions. Cities will not necessarily have the over-
population that occurs in connection with the seafaring mass: these should
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be no part of the city. (8) The marine elementquot; is free and belongs to the in-
fantry; this is in authority and dominates the crew. And if there is available
a multitude of subjectsquot; who farm the territory, there will necessarily be an
abundance of sailors too. We see this too in certain cities at present, as for ex-
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ample the city of the Heracleots, which sends out many warships in spite of
being more modest in size than other cities.quot;
Concerning territory, harbors, cities, and the sea, and concerning naval
power, then, let our discussion stand in this manner.
CHAPTER 7
(1) Concerning the political multitude, we spoke earlier of what its defin-
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ing principle ought to be; let us speak now of what quality of persons they
27 . Piracus, the port of Athens, stood some five miles from the city, but was con-
nected to it by long walls, and its harbors were fortified against attack by sea. Megara,
Corinth, and other cities with important maritime interests had similar arrangements.
28 . That is, heavy-armed troops embarked on ships as quot;marines.quot;
29 . That is, agricultural serfs (as in Sparta, Crete or Thessaly).
30 . This argument is meant to answer a possible objection to the possession of na-
val power deriving from the experience of Athens, where the manpower requirements
of the fleet had greatly increased the political strength of the lower classes (cf. 4.4. 21,
5 .4.8 ).World History