International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge

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We need actual truth and facts to support our knowledge about everything. Something that is evident is true whereas something that we have not seen with our eyes is believed to be true. This involves faith. We see the rain pouring down from clouds, so we know the truth that clouds contain water vapors that come down as rain. We have not seen God but we believe there is one. This is our faith which makes us believe that there is a creator. Here truth coincides with what is believed to be true.Perception is another name for believed truth. It is one’s personal point of view about a fact that one thinks is true but others might not believe the same way. The reason is that believed truth and actual truth are not the same. Perception makes use of all the five senses that a man possesses. Each sense plays its role in telling which part of the story is true and which is being believed to be true.Suppose that a husband, George, and his wife, Kelli, have started a gruesome quarrel. Kelli says that she had been calling George on his cell phone but the phone was powered off and comes to the conclusion that George does not want to talk to her and is always avoiding her. George says that his cell phone’s battery had gone out and argues that Kelli does not want to live with him that is why she is always starting quarrels. Kelli says that it is not her who starts quarrels and George thinks the other way round. Now, the words say, thinks, argues, comes to the conclusion, all belong to the category of perception because these refer to the statements which are not actually true but are believed to be true. This vagueness or not knowing of the actual truth of facts brings trouble between the relationships and it becomes hard to resolve the whole issue.Truth is defined as a fact which is public, eternal, and independent (Peterson). The quarrel between George and Kelli was not public as nobody saw it. Thus, the first part of the definition is not fulfilled.