Intelligence The Theories Of Charles Spearman Howard Gardner And Robert Sternberg

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This is especially by learning through self-experience that prompts one to engage into varied reasoning when trying to overcome life’s obstacles that mostly seem difficult. Mainly, this entails extensive application of mental power with motive or desire of overcoming the obstacle(s) encountered. According to Charles Spearman’s definition, an individual’s capacity is only ascertained when he or she passes IQ test, hence implying that person is intelligent. This is contrary to Howard Gardner’s argument, which cites people exhibit eight forms of independent intelligence though recently he has added a ninth model in his explanation. Conversely, Robert Sternberg presents an entirely different theory compared to the latter two, where he utilizes his triarchic intelligence theory. His argument contradicts with Howard Gardner’s elaboration because he cites that, human beings possess only three frames of intelligence. Charles Spearman’s mode of expounding intelligence encompasses considering humanity’s generals ability, which causes all intellectual functions. Consequently, this makes his theory or premise appear entirely different from the others. …
This is via using equations (like that of relativity), where he almost spent his entire life in laboratory undertaking researches meant to prove his hypothesis. His third theory encompasses spatial intelligence, which is the ability of utilizing images to represent spatial relations. This is evident when an individual uses his mental imagination to envision how a car would appear once painted using a different color. Gardner’s fourth theory is the bodily kinesthetic intelligence, which is an individual’s aptitude to study and implement what he or she has attained through body movements (Wood, Ellen amp. Boyd 87). For instance, Kobe Bryant who up to date, his ability of learning how to play basketball is a mystery to numerous people. This is not only in the field, but also in other areas where his fans constantly talk about him. Gardner’s fifth theory comprises the Musical intelligence whereby an individual exhibits excellent skills in learning and understanding varied aspects that comprise music. For instance, these aspects embrace pitch, tone, crescendo, rhythm besides others. This is well exhibited by Beethoven who despite being deaf and experiencing varied health setbacks managed to be outstanding pianists and a composer to the present. Gardner’s sixth premise is interpersonal intelligence, whereby one capable of communicating and intermingling with diverse people effectively in a social setting (Wood, Ellen amp. Boyd 156). This entails use of health communication skills coupled with knowing how to socialize with others. It is well exhibited by sales entrepreneurs who in their quest to augment profits or succeed in their endeavors,