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Intellectual Emotional and Social Changes that Take Place in the Change From Early Childhood to Late Childhood

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Early childhood (1 – 3 yrs), is the age of schema, cognition, sensorimotor development, a stage of awareness about object permanence, language development or preoperational stage, building words and conversation are of prime importance. This is the stage when gross and fine motor skills are developed. Growth in this stage is rapid (Development: Its Nature) and therefore nutritional requirement is more for the complete development and must include rich protein diet. In this stage development of autonomous learning and regulated actions is the prime focuses as a child starts representing things with words and images but lack logical reasoning (Exploring Child Development). This can be understood with Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. The child is a keen observer at this stage. therefore the psychological impact of the environment is more during this stage of development. What child grasps from the environment impacts the personality of the child. For the complete development of the child, it is imperative that the child must be engaged in various activities that involve problem-solving skills, more conversation must be carried out for the development of language during early childhood (Exploring Child Development).
During this stage, the child develops self-awareness, a concept of gender and emotions. Parenting behaviors at this stage directly influence young child development (Exploring Child Development). Any kind of parental dispute, divorce or broken relationship directly affects young child’s development. It is in this stage, peer and sibling relationships develop. Congenial and healthy relationships directly influence the psychology of the child and fill the child with trust and faith in the relationships. Since grasping is very high in this stage, parents must understand the psychology of the child and should filter the programs on the television as they directly influence the young children’s emotional and social development (Exploring Child Development).