Indigenous People Rights and Identities

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Irreplaceable culture and heritage spin into oblivion as technological advancement is nurtured. Driven from the homeland of their forefathers they nurture the desire to regain their ancestral domain only to see its devastation. The environment has lost two of its precious resource: the natural habitat of a vast number of species and the heritage of an endangered cultural minority in place of a changing society that clamors to eradicate the trace of the natural bounty that lies beneath the verdant soil and the biological history of mankind.The strains of traditional African drums and kalimbas reverberate to make music for the traditionally nomadic Khoisan family of Southern Africa. For thousands of years, clans of twenty to fifty people lived together without any political leader and move from place to place along the vast lands to hunt for food. They are the genetically the closest surviving link to the original Homo Sapien core from which the black race emerged. Known as the Bushmen of Kalahari, the oldest African social structure has lived uncomplicated lives that revolved around the simple basic needs of humans throughout recorded history while utilizing the environment that was unsuitable for farming. The Botswana Government according to BBC1 in the guise of globalization has again recently forced the eviction of these tribes for commercial gains by withholding their water supplies and arrests of the group venturing into the land. This 17-year saga has seen the relocation of some 2,200 Sans out of the Kalahari Game Reserve due to the government’s effort to exploit the land for minerals and diamonds. Sylvain2 has complained that with globalization, the San are encouraged to promote a stereotypical image of themselves as isolated, pristine primitives…and culture is instrumentalized in local contexts of disorder and corruption.