IndiaThe Birth of Pakistan

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The Act created two dominions, Indian Union and Pakistan… The Muslims of the Sub-continent had finally achieved their goal to have an independent state for themselves, but only after a long and relentless struggle under the single-minded guidance of the Quaid.(Story of…)Pakistan was born after the partitioning of united India on the basis of the Two-Nation Theory. From the beginning, it was a theocratic state. Earlier, the British, before departing to their homeland forever, yet again succeeded in giving the final blow to the people of the continent with their famous ‘divide and rule theory’. It is the firm conviction of the leadership of Pakistan that the Muslims are distinctly a different community as for their religion, traditions, way-of-life, and historical background and as such, they deserve to live in a separate nation. Religion is the main factor that paved the way for the division of the Indian continent.Democratic governance by the British during the last leg of their rule in India led to the politicization of all communities, including the Muslim community and they began to assert their separate identity. Muslim nationalism got shot in the arm. Muslims began to lose trust in the Congress party. The Muslim League chose to reject the proposals for Hindu-Muslim unity and they decided to follow an independent path. The idea of a separate homeland for the Muslims of Northern India as proposed by Allama Iqbal in his famous Allahabad Address showed that the creation of two separate states for the Muslims and Hindus was the only solution. (Story of…) In the Lahore Declaration of March 23, 1940 (Story of…), the Muslim League decided to press for two separate states, on the basis of religion.