Human Rights The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

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Treaties are agreements or memorandum of understanding between two or more states for the fulfillment of their mutual interests. It is imperative to note that International Treaties are mandatory and countries are not under any obligation to become signatories of such treaties. However, the international treaties provide internationally unified approaches to global issues and signatory countries are bound to conform to the treaty.The dignity of the human person and the equality of all human beings is a core component of human rights. The preamble of the human rights declaration notes that the disregard of human rights and barbarism may lead to disastrous eventualities that are avoidable. Freedom of speech and freedom from fear and want are essential for the prosperity of a state and its people. It is affirmed that upholding human rights is critical in order for a country to be stable and have fruitful relationships with other countries. Generally, the thirty articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights lay forth the fundamental principles that member countries have to abide by in regards to human rights issues (Brsyk 23).It is imperative that ICCPR forms the basis through which the government relates to its citizens as well as the international community. This treaty was agreed upon by the member countries of the United Nations in 1966 and eventually ratified into international law in 1976 after 35 countries had ratified it. This treaty gives citizens the right to participate in any political process within his or her country. Hence, it contains the human rights that are necessary for self-expression and self-determination for every individual irrespective of political inclination.During the codification of this treaty, freedom of opinion and expression was an important issue for most of the member states. The right of opinion is fundamental for every person (Landmann 47).