Human Factors Pilot Ergonomics in Naval Aviation

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With the launch of the First World War, the first fighting to utilize the recently created airplanes in combat, the need arose for ways to quickly train and select qualified pilots. This provoked the growth of aviation psychology, as well as the start of aeromedical research (Benchmark Research amp. Safety, 2010). Even though, advances were made during that time period, according to Meister (1999), the momentum for developing the discipline was not met as a result of a lack of personnel and critical mass of technology as there was in the Second World War.The time period between the First World War and the Second World War saw a decrease in research, though a number of accomplishments were made. Aeromedical research went on to see some developments in laboratories built at Wright Field in Ohio, as well as the Brooks Air Force Base in Texas. These laboratories carried out researches, which focused on further recognizing the characteristics of victorious pilots, and establishing what concerns environmental stressors had on flight performance. The fundamentals of anthropometry, also known as the study of human body measurements, were also applied to the creation of airplanes during that time period. In the private sector, in addition, automobile driving behavioral study was also carried out (Meister, 1999). This paper will discuss some of the human factors that relate to pilot ergonomics in naval aviation.The outbreak of the First World War, and the two intrinsic needs it created, formed the means for coming up with the human factors and ergonomics discipline (Salvendy, 2006). Primarily, the need to organize and utilize vast numbers of individuals made it unfeasible to select men and women for particular jobs. Hence, the focus migrated to designing for people’s abilities, while lessening the unconstructive consequences of their restrictions. Then, the Second World War saw the turning point where the technological progresses had finally outpaced the