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How Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Child Affect the Family System

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The researchers reveal that learning and development theories are the main theories that explain the cause of the ODD syndrome. The disorder affects mostly the family of the child and the relatives. The ODD symptoms appear at the age of 2 to 3 or during the adolescent age. Therefore, the child may start developing anger, excessive arguments, use of harsh language, seeking revenge and increased temper. Earlier intervention programs, psychological testing and child behavior observation are among the diagnostic criteria. Therefore, individual psychotherapy, family therapy, residential treatment and behavior modification are among the treatment for the oppositional defiant disorder. Treatment for the Oppositional Defiant Disorder Family Therapy Family therapy is one of the efficient management measures for this disorder. Family therapy is a treatment method that involves making changes to in the family system and training them on the way of dealing with children with ODD. This involves education programs on the way people in the family structure should communicate and manage anger effectively as well as control the impulse of the child. Taking care of ODD children is a difficult task and extremely challenging to family members. Some of the parents may end up developing mental health issues because of the difficult task of handling the ODD children. Parents require support from relatives or other people in the family structure to help them care for these children. They also need understanding and assistance in implementing effective parenting approaches towards caring for the ODD children. Benson and Haith (2009) argue that ODD can create a significant impact on the larger family system. The disorder can distress the parents of the child and this can, in turn, contribute to mental disorder especially to the mothers. The authors reveal that fathers are able to adapt better than mothers. thus, it is crucial for the father to provide emotional support to mothers. The mother’s depression can worsen the illness of the child. thus, the significant goal is to intervene in families with depressed mothers. This is essential because it can help in alleviating the depression of mothers. If possible, the psychotherapist can promote competent parenting skills and help other family members to cope up with the situation (Flick, 2011). This will enable the family structure to appreciate and comprehend the behavior of the child. The research indicates that family therapy is an effective treatment measure because it helps the family system to adapt and understand the illness of the child. thus support him or her effectively (Matthys and Lochman, 2010). It is also effective because it enables the family members to communicate effectively without annoying the child. However, this treatment has some weakness one of them being difficult for the family to cope up and accept the situation of the child. Some family members take a long time to accept the reality. thus, the method may be inappropriate (Bustamante, 2000). Some parents may fail to deviant behaviors of the child by giving such behaviors negative attention. This may result because the family members may be exhausted from struggling to manage the disorder.