This paper illustrates the experiment that is the spinning of the spinner. The possible outcomes are landing on white, black, blue, and green. One event of this experiment is landing on white. The probability of landing on white is one fourth. The general formula for determining the probability of an event is P (A) = (Number of ways an event can occur/ Total number of possible outcomes). A conditional statement is a logical statement that has two parts, that is, a hypothesis and a conclusion. Conditional statements take the form of if ‘p’ (hypothesis), then ‘q’ (conclusion). Contrary, converse statements take the form of. if ‘q’ (conclusion), then ‘p’ (hypothesis). Consider the following conditional statement. if it is raining outside, then it must be cloudy. In this case, ‘raining outside’ is the hypothesis while ‘it must be cloudy’ is the conclusion. The converse statement for the above conditional statement would be, if it is cloudy, then it must be raining outside. If a converse and conditional are true, then one can write a biconditional statement. For instance, a conditional statement would be, if two lines intersect to form a right angle, then they are perpendicular. The converse statement would be. if two lines are perpendicular, then they intersect to form a right angle. The bi-conditional statement would be. two lines are perpendicular if and only if they intersect to form a right angle. A syllogism is a form of reasoning that draws conclusions from two premises that share a term with the conclusion and shares other terms that are not in the conclusion. Below is an example of a syllogism. A cause of something is what happens first while the effect is the resulting outcome of the happening. For instance, from the article World War II, the cause of World War II was Germany’s invasion of Poland. The effect was the outbreak of World War II. Normally, there may be many causes for one effect.