In this day and age, the value and importance of excellence is known to all, yet realized by few. This concept is understood by most as striving to push oneself to one’s limits, aiming to achieve success through the exertion of effort, rather than adopting a mindset of mediocrity and settling merely for what is passable. In this way, excellence can thus be characterized not as a one-off thing, but as a habit, a guiding principle by which one lives his life. . . .
Whatever one’s endeavors may be, it would be best for him to dedicate his utmost efforts to their successful completion – which, in turn, is more likely to happen when one’s designated objectives are self-motivated and self-determined, rather than assigned to him by other authorities (Lepper et al, 1973). One’s pursuit of a given goal may be influenced by certain extrinsic and intrinsic motivators, the interplay of which determines his commitment and the sense of fulfillment to be had. Specifically, one is said to exhibit a more enduring form of commitment to a task if he performs it because he finds meaning in the act itself, or is at least in it for more than just the material benefits. In this way, motivation can fall under one of five different forms. The first four are all extrinsic motivation, and all feature an individual gradually growing to identify with his goal or objective. At the extreme opposite is pure intrinsic motivation, where one engages in a particular act or endeavor purely for its own sake (Deci and Ryan, 1991).
This has certain implications within the context of career counseling, especially when one considers that people tend to receive poor career advice if they are not made to do without it entirely (UK Cabinet Office, 2009). All too often, people end up wasting their time working in a field they never wanted to be in the first place. whether out of a misplaced need to live up to the expectations of their parents, or otherwise due to a misguided sense of practicality, they thus fail to find happiness in their jobs as a result.