Goals Methods and Results of Gandhi’s Campaigns

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Traditional civil disobedience is characterized by religious purity, unwillingness to bear consequences of law as well as the lack of respect for authority in recognizing the human dignity of opponents. The attitudes and actions necessary for an act of civil disobedience to be a success as outlined by Mahatma Gandhi include. first, Satyagraha had to express no anger, second is that at times a person will be in a position to suffer the opponent’s anger. The third action is that a Satyagraha had to agree to an arrest by authorities thus should never retaliate which involves swearing or cursing. They were not to salute the Union flag be it English or Indian and had to protect the officials by putting their life at risk. Gandhi demonstrated a peaceful mass opposition to wrongful authority. Gandhi then expanded a philosophy of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience campaigns that are now in use to protest and change the unjust acts of the authority all over the world. The main goal of Gandhi’s movement was to reform the Indian society. The other goal was to create a sense of empowerment and control over the lives if the Indians. Getting the British to leave India was another goal that Gandhi aimed at and finally was to establish the foundations and institutions to the Ahimsa and Satyagraha. The presence of Satyagraha acted as a check upon the existing lawless elements (Michael 30). Satyagraha was referred to as a banyan tree that has innumerable branches and that civil disobedience was one of those branches. ‘Satya’ meaning truth and ‘ahima’ meaning non-violence makes the parent trunk. Other campaigns followed and each had certain goals to achieve. To begin with was the Champaran Campaign, 1917. Compared to other non-resistance campaigns, the Champaran was small and limited time was needed. However, it was quite significant in two ways. Firstly, it was the place where Gandhi conducted Satyagraha upon his return to India. Although it was small and in an isolated community, his defiant actions stirred the whole country. Secondly, Champaran problems were naturally local. The campaigns were conducted on a narrow focus.