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Geographical Profiling Helpful In Criminal Investigation

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Profiling is one of the major purposes which include case management, database development, cause, and pattern analysis, forensic demography, typology validation, personality evaluation, principles of geocoding, numerical predictions, and the ethics of annoyance and interrogation/ interview strategies.To minimize crime level different strategies and methods have been used. Endless researches are going on to reduce and prevent criminal activities. Geographical profiling is one of the investigative methods adapted for the same purpose. It uses the locations associated with a string of criminal activities and shows the most apparent regions, a crook can reside in. This evaluation method enables law enforcement to connect the zone of criminal activity area with the location of a criminal neighborhood which serves as a base for investigation. This method is mainly used for serial violent crimes such as bombing, rape, murder, robbery, arson, fraud but it can also be used for the single crime which involves several environmental characteristics. Geographical profiling requires a complete setup. Police Agencies use popular software programs for this purpose such as Regal, Crimestat, constant, and Dragnet. (Mazeika,2010)Geographical profiling works at a crime site or premises, this provides police substantial evidence to move along with their investigations. It determines the likable places criminal can access and traveling routes. It includes both objective and subjective components of an investigation. This enables them to reform and understand the offender’s perspectives through mental maps. It also requires physical evidence which is thoroughly examined by a team of specialists. It aids the trail and can provide major leads in the shortest span of time. The primary technique of geographical profiling is Criminal Geographic Targeting (CGT) System.