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Gene Sharps Theory of Power

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&nbsp.It is the obedience of the people which is at the heart of the power enjoyed by a regime. Some of the reasons which may prompt such obedience from the people could be “habit, fear, moral obligation, psychological identification with the ruler, zones of indifference, absence of self-confidence among the subjects.” .(Sharp, 1973, p 19). However, when such obedience is withdrawn, it is a nonviolent expression by the people of their lack of consent to the rule of the regime and thereby undermines the very structure and existence of that regime.&nbsp.It is the obedience of the people which is at the heart of the power enjoyed by a regime.
Some of the reasons which may prompt such obedience from the people could be “habit, fear, moral obligation, psychological identification with the ruler, zones of indifference, absence of self-confidence among the subjects.” .(Sharp, 1973, p 19). However, when such obedience is withdrawn, it is a nonviolent expression by the people of their lack of consent to the rule of the regime and thereby undermines the very structure and existence of that regime.

In&nbsp. analyzing the sources from which a regime is able to derive its power, Sharp outlines six sources (Sharp, 1973, p 1112), which may be set out as follows:
(a) Authority- this is the extent to which the ruler enjoys legitimacy among his subjects and thereby derives his intensity and power to rule through the willingness of the people to accept his rule and command – the “right to command and direct, to be heard and obeyed by others” (Rude 2003, p 11)(b) Human resources – this comprises the number of people who are able to cooperate with and provide special assistance to the regime and the numbers of such people within the population as well as the nature of the organizations they helm
(c) Skills and knowledge – the extent of the skills, resources, and knowledge possessed by such individuals identified in (b) above, and the capacity they have to supply the resources needed by the regime to maintain its position of power(d) Intangible factors: The existing psychological and ideological factors, such as the attitude of the population towards the notion of obedience, their beliefs, and values, as well as the existence of a common ideology or mission among them