Human genetic engineering is the change of human beings’ genotype in order to select the best phenotype of a newborn or alter the existing phenotype a newborn or an adult. Human genetic engineering is highly depicted in the film Gattaca. Although many people believe that genetic engineering helps in the curing of genetically transmitted diseases, it also has a number of disadvantages. In Gattaca film, where genetic engineering plays a major role in determining individuals’ social class, Vincent is born without the help of this new technology. The naturally born human beings are highly discriminated in this community (Van 120). This is evident because Vincent who is suffering from physical dysfunctions and heart defectiveness experiences extreme genetic discrimination. He also has a life expectancy of thirty years due to such defectiveness. The only way he can realize his vision of becoming an astronaut is going through a genetic transformation to become a person with appropriate genetic characteristics.
To begin with, those who are genetically imperfect are highly discriminated in the community. They even end up failing to get well-paying jobs due to their natural disabilities hence they can do the jobs better than the genetically perfect ones if a chance is given. Discriminating the natural born is illegal because there is no law against being “invalid”. This is in Gattaca film when Jerome easily accesses the Gattaca Aerospace Corporation due to his advantageous genetic profile (Van 121). Unlike Vincent, he easily becomes the company’s navigator. Unfortunately, a week before Vincent leaves for Saturn’s moon Titan, his director is murdered. The genetically disadvantaged people are unhappy because they encounter limitations to walk around and that only those with perfect genes easily get more prominent jobs. The Gattaca Corporation fails to give those with genetic imperfectness like Vincent who is jobless due to his heart condition.