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Food Security in Brazil

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Understanding the root causes of food insecurity will help to offer a solution to this problem. Since food security remains a chronic issue, it is also better to understand the economy of Brazil and how trade enhances food production in the country. This will help a lot when coming up with comprehensive measures of food insecurity. According to World Food Summit of 1996, food security was defined as a situation when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life. But mostly, the concept of food security is looked at as including both physical and economic access to food that meets people’s dietary needs as well as their food preferences. In Brazil, health problems related to dietary excess are an ever-increasing threat, and thus malnutrition and foodborne diarrhea have become a double burden. The main objective of this study is to delve into the food security issues in Brazil and give recommendations that will help better the current situation. The study will also analyze the causes of food insecurity, and measures that are currently in place to boost food security. It will also look at the weakness of the existing measures and reasons why these measures have not handles the problem of food insecurity effectively. The recommendations will be put in place by the government of Brazil to help solve the problem of food insecurity. The causes of food insecurity in most developing countries are mostly due to poor management and the implementation of policies. In Brazil, poor methods of production have accelerated the problem of food insecurity. The poor production methods have been caused by poor quality land and weather conditions(Rigler and Bisas, 2010, p220). This is because the quality and quantity of food produced vary with seasons, weather patterns, land quality and geographical conditions (Paarlberg, 2012, p128). This is because each region has different growing conditions with the other and thus produce a different variety of food. For example, the large central region has almost perfect climate has plentiful of rains in the summer within warm and dry winters making it perfect for food production but the method employed by the farmers in planting is poor (Nagathu, 2015,p78) and this leads to low production of food. Furthermore, the fertilizers which are mostly needed to boost food production are unavailable to mast of the farmers thus contributing to poor production methods.