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Research Paper Checklist & Assessment for MHSA StudentsThe research paper information should be discussed with the course instructor throughout all stages of the writing process. Title 1 Fifteen (15) words or less. APA capitalization rules should be followed. Abstract (10pts) 2 The abstract should be written last. However, it is usually placed after the Cover Page; not after the reference or anywhere else. The abstract should be no more than 250 words. It includes the following succinct parts: Introduce the research topic (no citations) The objective(s) of the study Describe the participants characteristics (brief of results) State the type of methodology (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed method) Include only key results of the study Ex. Quantitative: use p-values to show significance and strength of association Ex. Qualitative: discuss major themes Recommendations and Conclusions Upon completion of the research, change the future tense to past tense and include the results of the study. Pagination and document format (10pts) Use Microsoft Word. You may watch several YouTube videos and choose one that you are comfortable with to guide you in this process. This will require you to change the headings throughout the document, which is totally fine. It will be in accordance with APA format. Change/add more headings and subheadings and update the work. Finally, include page numbers. Paper I: Introduction This information should stimulate the interest of the reader. Explain why this research is so important in the health field/health services administration. Background Provide a rationale  for the study Discuss the variables Have one or two sentences that introduce the other headings in this paper Last sentence is the purpose statement This information should give an overview of the current importance of the topic. Problem Statement Briefly highlight major actions that have been taken in regards to the topic (use several citations). Include prevalence / relevant statistics pertaining to the variables under study. Write a paragraph describing the problem. The problem statement should be supported by current literature. Who is affected by this problem? Where is the problem taking place? Why is it important for the problem to be fixed? What steps should be taken (possible solutions) to correct the problem. For this, use the current literature (not older than 6yrs from today). Use recent literature unless the information pertains to a seminal/historic discovery paper/publication. Research Aim/Question(s) At the end of the study, what overall question will be answered? Hypothesis Quantitative Research (only):  If you are doing a quantitative study, a hypothesis should be provided. Back up the hypothesis with literature. The hypothesis clearly aligned with the purpose statement. Each research aim/question should be followed by the research hypothesis (Ha), then the null hypothesis (Ho). Purpose of the Study The purpose state is usually one or two sentences (not more than two sentences). It should reflect the research aim/question. Ask “Why is this study conducted?” Be sure not to confuse the purpose with the problem. The purpose of the study should include the following: Describe the characteristics of the target participants Significance of the Study For this section, the researcher uses information from the literature to justify the need for the research. Definitions Define important terms used in the study (very important). Citation is needed for each definition. Delimitations Informs the reader the study is limited in scope. Examples: Describe the specific aspects of the data, sample size, participants’ characteristics, geographical location of the study, and other factors to define the limits of the study. Assumptions: Assumptions are primarily derived from the literature. Researchers assume that the participants answer the questions honestly and correctly; that they are able to read and understand the survey questions; that they follow the instructions carefully; that the test instrument is valid and reliable. This section tells the reader why the study is needed. Who will benefit? What contribution does this research bring to society? Gaps in the literature and/or insufficient knowledge in the subject area is clearly stated  Literature Review Use peer review journal article topics are related to the research aim/question. Begin writing this section with a statement that describes the purpose of the research. Discuss how the literature is organized. You might have to revise this statement as you add or subtract information from Paper2. Use subheadings to separate various parts of the Literature Review. Check the APA Manual for different levels of headings (for example, when to use Level 1, 2 or 3 headings). Provide information that explains the search terms that you used and describe the databases that were used to obtain the information. Only include the search terms that helped you to find information about the study. After reading several published literature of the variables of interest, you will need to synthesize them. Synthesizing involves taking similar studies and looking at topics that they have in common, (or different) to make themes. Write your literature review in past tense. For example, Brown and Forrester (2013) conducted a research on …. As you are writing this section you should cite information from the sources and build your reference list using APA format. Methodology This paper describes in details the data collection plan. This section is called the “cookbook” or “recipe” portion of the study. Therefore, the “ingredients” to bake the “cake” should be listed, and a step-by step procedure explained. This includes collecting and analyzing the data. Restate the purpose of the study Describe how the methodology is organized Describe the Study design – cross-sectional, correlational, descriptive, and others. Characteristics of the participants Selection of participants – how did you choose the research participants? Include the inclusion and exclusion criteria for choosing the participants. Development and Selection of the instrumentation – give a general description of the survey. For example, how many questions and what the question will attempt to answer. Is the instrument valid? Reliable? Provide such evidence Ensure that the instrument answers the research aim/question(s) Data collection procedures – how did you collect the data? Data Analysis Procedures – How will you analyze the data? Ex. SPSS, Excel, NVivo, etc. Describe how you will analyze the independent and dependent variables Restate the research aim/question(s) and write the research and null hypotheses for each research aim/question. Ethical considerations – How did you protect the privacy and confidentiality of the participants?  How did you store the data? **Did you analyzed the data collected? If yes, continue. If not, consult your course instructor. Part II Data analysis and Results (10pts) Results After analyzing the data, you will need to report the results of the study. This is the section that you will display the charts, diagrams, frequencies etc.). Use / draw Microsoft Word tables to depict the data accordingly. This section includes the demographic information of the research participants; descriptive information about the various measures, and the results of the data analysis. Start with the descriptive statistics, then go to the analytical data. Discussion, Conclusions and Recommendations (10pts) The purpose of the study is restated and important findings should be summarized here. (No need to go into details). The paper should include a summary of the research, interpretation the results, the limitations of the study, and the researcher makes recommendations based on the outcome of the research. As you discuss the implications, state how the research may impact the individuals, family or society. Only materials mentioned earlier should be included in the summary. The conclusion should be the last one or two paragraphs of the thesis. Provide a strong take-home message by bringing all the main points together. Avoid saying exactly what you have said before. Limitations refer to weaknesses in the study. These weaknesses often relate to the following: sampling errors – ex. Small sample size limits generalization of the study uncontrolled variables faulty instrumentation representativeness of the data compromises to internal and external validity References (10pts) References should be properly cited and typed according to the APA Manual, 6th edition. The references go on a separate page. All references used in-text must be typed in the reference section. Similarly, all the references in this section should also be in the text. References should be placed in alphabetical order. Appendix (10pts) Documents that must be included in the appendix are: 1.    Sample of informed consent letter 2.    Permission letter to conduct research from stakeholders 3.    Copy of the instrument (survey, questionnaire, interview questions etc.) **This section Comments: _________________________________________