Features Of The Human Capital Management

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Human capital represents the skills, knowledge, and competencies that people acquire through education, training, and experience (Mankiw, 2011, p. 538). Human capital represents commercially valuable skills (Marcus, Ippolito, amp. Zhang, 1998, p. 490) and economically productive attributes of an individual or group of people. In today’s highly competitive and complex business environment, most businesses are looking for effective strategies that can help them achieve the sustainable competitive advantage. With a view to achieving the ultimate business goal to create and deliver value for customers, management experts brought significant and strategic changes in business investment. Many went to investing in technologies whereas many others in investing in large-scale fixed capitals. Investing in technology is more visible and easily measurable than investing in human capital. However, investing in human capital ensures greater benefits and higher potential. Economic advantages of investment in human capital can be compared to the advantages of labor-intensive industries. Literature, including Ajami and Goddard (2006) and Ul-Haque and Bell (1995) emphasized that emerging countries like China reported rapid economic growth in labor-intensive industries whereas relatively less economic growth in both capital and technology-intensive industries.This research work demonstrates what, why, and how the investments in human capital yield high positive returns on investment. Investments to human capital are in forms of training, development, skill enhancement, selective hiring, retaining the skilled workforce, knowledge management, etc.