Fake Fat According to Zamora of Scientific Psychic, olestra is an artificial fat created from sucrose (a carbohydrate) and up to eight fatty acids.In the olestra chemical structure, sucrose takes the place of glycerol. The olestra molecule is too large to be metabolized and passes through the body unchanged, but because it acts as a lipid, it can cause depletion of fat-soluble vitamins (par. 7) The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) has initially identified its discovery by Procter amp. Gamble in 1968 in their quest to create a way of increasing premature babies’ intake of fat, synthesized a fat substitute called sucrose polyester. Procter amp. Gamble named its product olestra. Chemically, olestra is a sucrose (table sugar) molecule to which are esterified as many as eight fatty-acid residues (par. 1). The main advantage of olestra therefore is to provide less calories for foods that use this as a synthetic product so that it passes through the body system unchanged and not digested (Kennesaw State University, par. 1). Procter and Gamble, its maker, stipulates the following benefits: contributes zero total fat, zero saturated fat, and zero trans fat and as a result can assist individuals trying to eliminate fat, calories and trans fat from their diets by offering unique health and taste benefits (par. 2) However, the CSPI, has revealed several disadvantages of food intake using olestra as additives, to wit: (1) the effect of depleting blood vessels with crucial fat soluble substances, particularly carotenoids (found to lower risks of cancer). (2) found to cause gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea, fecal urgency and more frequent and looser bowel movement. (3) causes underwear staining due to anal leakage. (4) insufficient information on potential risks to vulnerable segments of the population (people over 44 years of age and with poor nutritional status). (5) potential increased problems of carcinogenicity. and (6) any potential benefits supposedly offered are offset by more risks of using it (CSPI, 1). Works Cited Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI). A Brief History of Olestra. N.d. Web. 02 May 2011. —————————. The Problems with Olestra. N.d. Web. 02 May 2011. Procter amp. Gamble. Benefits. 2009. Web. 02 May 2011. Zamora, Antonio. Fats, Oils, Fatty Acids, Triglycerides. 2005. Web. 02 May 2011. lt. http://www.scientificpsychic.com/fitness/fattyacids1.htmlgt.