Menu

ENG4U_Essay_Structure

0 Comment

The 5 Paragraph EssayIntroductiona) Hook (facts, statistics, rhetorical questions etc.)                         Purpose: Gets your audience interested in your essay.b) You should provide a summary of the novel and author, the research, the topic. The summary should be very brief. It should only take 1-2 sentences to summarize the novel             c) Thesis statement (your argument) including your three points             Purpose: Is the “big” argument that is the foundation               of the rest of your essay. Introduces readers to your supporting details.Body ParagraphsThere are at least three body paragraphs in a formal essay. Each body paragraph will support your thesis and each will be about a different topic/idea.All body paragraphs include…a) Point 1: Topic Sentence.Purpose: A SMALLER argument that supports your thesis.b) Proof 1: Supporting Detail (a fact, quote or piece of information).       Purpose: Proves your topic sentence, and therefore, your thesis.c) Comment 1: Explains how your supporting detail proves the topic sentence and thesis.Purpose: Shows the connectionbetween your supporting details, topic sentence and thesis.d) Concluding sentence.Purpose: Summarizes your paragraph.Your research essay will be adding to this structure so a body paragraph should look like:a) Point 1: Topic Sentence.Purpose: A SMALLER argument that supports your thesis.b) Proof 1 (ARTICLE): Supporting Detail (a fact, quote or piece of information)c) Proof 2 (NOVEL): Supporting Detail (a fact, quote or piece of information).      Purpose: Proves your topic sentence, and therefore, your thesis.d) Comment 1: Explains how your supporting detail proves the topic sentence and thesis.Purpose: Shows the connectionbetween your supporting details, topic sentence and thesis.e) Proof 3 (ARTICLE): Supporting Detail (a fact, quote or piece of information). f) Proof 4 (NOVEL): Supporting Detail (a fact, quote or piece of information).      Purpose: Proves your topic sentence, and therefore, your thesis.g) Comment 2: Explains how your supporting detail proves the topic sentence and thesis.Purpose: Shows the connectionbetween your supporting details, topic sentence and thesis.h) Concluding sentence.Purpose: Summarizes your paragraph.Conclusion (Reverse Introduction)a) Restatement/Rephrasing of Thesis. This means you repeat your thesis using different words.Purpose: To remind the audience of your big argument.b) Summary of your essay.Purpose: To remind the audience of your supporting details.c) Final statement.Purpose: Wrap-up your essay and extend your argument so your audience is left thinking about your topic. Why should the reader care about this essay? What can the reader do with the information from the essay?Writing an Effective ThesisAdapted from www.cfep.uci.edu 1. A thesis statement makes an assertion/argument; it is NOT a simple statement.Simple statement or observation: More people are attending community colleges. Thesis: Community colleges are attracting more students because they offer job training programs as well as academic courses of study. 3. A thesis statement narrows the topic. Broad: The American automobile industry has many problems. Narrow: The primary problem facing the American automobile industry is competition from foreign auto makers.