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Emotion and Logic

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This discussion talks that by applying rational thinking within the broad framework of emotions, balancing both to attain the, to arrive at moral decisions one can maximize the emotional well-being individually, and meet the general collective aspirations of the society. Positive examples of rational thinking abound in the field of science. Isaac Newton’s rationalizing the fall of an apple to the ground, led to the discovery of the Laws of Gravitation. It is the logical analysis of Copernicus that led him to propose that Sun was at the center of the Solar System with the heavenly bodies circling it. In conclusion, having studied the positives and the negatives of both emotion and reason in the process of moral decision-making, it seems vividly clear that is important to balance both, equally and proportionately, in order to arrive at a widely acceptable solution, that at least in part, fulfills both the aspirations of the individual and achieve the collective moral goals of the human society. For example, it may be deemed righteous to allow genetic engineering to overcome diseases like hemophilia and parents who wish to prevent their future child from suffering from the possibility of such diseases should be given all encouragement. In summation, it is imperative to note that morality is essentially social in nature and both emotion and reason should be explored with due consideration of fulfilling the society’s common good, and the individual’s aspirations, without harm to the other….
Some excessive emotions, like jealousy, anger, and so on, however, have negative valence (Elster, 1388). The negative emotions have the potential to wreck and ruin lives, just as positive emotions have the power to save, sustain and elevate human beings to unprecedented limits. The sudden greed of Macbeth and the vulture-like patience of Shylock explicate the destructive potential of emotion through literature. And as stated earlier, too much emotion tends to obliterate reason or logic, thereby leading to skewed moral values. For example, numerous instances from the Bible explain how the hatred for Jesus Christ by the Jewish priests prevented them from seeing His good deeds, like curing the ill, feeding the needy, and made them ultimately demand His Death on the Cross.
There is yet another important point to consider in the role of ’emotion’ in moral decision-making. It is called ‘moral relativism.’ According to some thinkers ‘moral relativism’ is a type of subjectivism (Greg Koukl, 1), that is very personal and subjective. Pertinently, Moral relativism teaches that when it comes to morals, that which is ethically right or wrong, people do their own thing since it depends entirely depends on the group that uphold these values. Since Moral Relativism does not insist on any set of universal codes of behavior for everyone, each one may decide on a different course of action, depending on his/her moral values, given a typical situation, and everyone of them would still be morally right, according to his/her values. Honor killing in the UK of Islamic, and Sikh girls who chose to marry out of their own religion, can be cited as good