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Egyptian Creation Myth

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Egyptian’s believed that the basic elements of the universe were an ever expanding sea from which all things, including the sun, moon, and stars, emerged. As the Nile River and its cycle of floods was central to their existence and, in a sense, gave rise to their own culture and society, it’s not difficult to see how they attributed such grand importance to this infinite river within their mythology. This essay considers the major understandings of Egyptian mythology from a number of perspectives in an attempt to gain a more thorough understanding of what the Egyptians believed and what these beliefs say about the way they lived their lives and the historical nature of cosmology.Egyptians believed that before anything there existed an infinite and endless flow of water. This bubbling and chaotic stream or river were referred to by the Egyptians as Nu or Nun. From Nun came everything that now makes up their world. The explanation of how Nun created the world has much in common with the scientific and historical understandings of the Nile River. Just as the Nile would flood the drylands and create chaos for all the living creatures and vegetation habituating there, so would Nun flood the earth. Eventually out of the floods came dry mounds of earth that became the forms of land that are known today. The first mound had a pyramid form and was referred to as Benben.While there are common elements to the ancient Egyptian creation myth they differ in slight but fundamental ways. The next section considers the varying forms of the creation myth as seen from the divergent types of Gods of creation the Egyptians believed in that constituted significant element of their mythology.the primordial and infinite river, it was as Atum emerged from this river that the rest of the world was formed. As Atum emerged from these waters he couldn’t find any solid land so it was through him that the first mound of land was created.