There is a multitude of strategies and approaches that have been put forward and tried over the years, but before going into the process of classroom management and strategies it is important to define what exactly the term means.
Classroom management has been defined in various ways but it generally involves what the teacher practices to ensure order in the classroom. It addresses both the learning or academic environment in the classroom and also the behavioral aspects of the environment. so that it has a two-fold purpose and perhaps that is part of what makes it such a difficult task for the teacher. According to Beckles and Ellis (2003), classroom management is a complex task consisting of planning lessons, providing a safe environment, teaching students and perhaps the most daunting task of all, appropriately responding to student behavior problems (p.23). Another definition states that classroom management consists of a wide array of proactive, well-established and consistent techniques and practices (Johnson et al, 2006). They posit that in order for teachers to relate content effectively, the classroom must be well managed (p.29). Additions to the definition of classroom management include that it needs to encourage positive social interaction, active engagement in learning and self-motivation (Burden 2003, cited in Rupert and Woodcock, 2010). Terms classroom management, behavior management, and discipline are used interchangeably in the literature, but the umbrella term classroom management includes the teacher strategies related to student behavior, interactions and learning. (Reupert and Woodcock 2010).