This can be seen in Down and Out in Paris and London. While Orwell believed that the ruling regime was responsible for all the social ills in these and other European nations and cities, he also believed that it was the pole that was responsible for the necessary change to set the records straight. Orwell had also witnessed the evils of war, and how war, and the Russians revolution, as well as the socialism in Russia, had affected so many people. This goes in line with what Joll (199) discusses in his book, about how the German invasion of France affected the economy of France. As Clark (1-17) says, the effect of war in Europe was enormous. According to (Lecture Notes: The Origins of world war one), world war I was to change the nature of free markets and lead to a more globalised regulation. While not saying it directly, what Orwell was highlighting the evidence that there was a need for change and this change was to come from the people. He also goes to great pain to display the level of poverty in Europe and especially in Paris and London. Reasonably, he was able to show how life was difficult for so many people living in the two cities. Orwell was also showing the daily struggles of a citizen who, despite being let down by his government, continues to put his trust in the government, and hoping that all thins will be well in time. For instance, in chapter five, he talks about an encounter with his friend Boris who had lost his job as a hotel scribe after being sick for some time. Boris was sick for some time and after returning from the hospital, his was sucked from his job because he was sick. What Orwell is trying to indicate in this chapter is not only the levels of poverty but also the point of job insecurity, not even for white collar workers.