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200 words or more each response and outside one outside source.Deandrea FreemanForum 4 (Modules 7 and 8)COLLAPSETop of FormUsing the progressive, developmental model of aggression and violence, Figure 9.1 in the McWhirter text, as your framework, explain how juvenile delinquency develops over time and within context. Please include a discussion as to how the microsystems of community and neighborhood impact youth.Juvenile delinquency can be better understood through Bronfenbrenner’secological model. This model highlights the importance of the use of microsystems which can include family, school, peers, and community. However, this is also a development model thathighlights how things that can occur in early childhood can lead to bigger things in adolescence.For example, lack of adult bonding or inconsistent parenting can lead to the rejection of adult norms which can end in delinquency or youth violence (McWhirteret al, 2017). The progression seems minor, but it usually starts as a result of the adolescent’s environment (lack of parental bonding or inconsistent disciplining). Then, it continues to become the adolescent acting as the final consequence (substance use, violence, etc.). This is just one of the many examples of what could happen.There are also other various factors that can effect delinquent behavior likeeconomic factors, antisocial behavior, and cultural factors.McWhirter et al(2017) say that juvenile delinquency, violence, and antisocial behavior all come from a similar place as well as similar consequences. This could come as a forms of aggression, family and school problems, substance use, gang memberships, or even school shootings. However, each area is separatedby unique characteristics and risk factors. For example, school problems could stem from low achievement or little school involvement which result in social rejection or hanging with the other delinquents who have been socially rejected. The developmental model is a true example of nature versus nurture. Adolescents spend most of their time in social environments, so they tend to pick up many behaviors and traits from their surroundings.McWhirter, J. J., McWhirter, B. T., McWhirter, E. H., & McWhirter, R. J. (2017).At-risk youth: A comprehensive response for counselors, teachers, psychologists, and human service professionals(6th ed.). Cengage Learning.Discussion #2Isabella GilchDiscussion FourCOLLAPSETop of FormJuvenile delinquency is known as a young person who habitually commits criminal acts or offenses. In the more recent years, it has been more prominent than ever in society. My younger cousin has spent time as a juvenile delinquent in a correctional facility.From the early years, my cousin developed an issue with stealing. He used to come over on Christmas and steal my younger brothers presents, he was so young at the time that nobody really took it seriously. As he got older, he got himself into legal issues where he began stealing expensive items from stores. Sooner than later, he was caught and was put on probation, he violated his parole multiple times by failing drug tests, and staying out past curfew. He eventually had to spend time in a correctional facility due to the many violations of is parole.The origins of conduct disorder, delinquent activity, and gang involvement are developmental and ecological (McWhirter, McWhirter, McWhirter, McWhirter, 2017). Nature vs. nurture is definitely a factor when it comes to juvenile delinquency. My cousin does not come from a dysfunctional family however, he grew up in a neighborhood filled with other children his age that are most definitely from dysfunctional families. His peers heavily influenced his behaviors from early youth. The ecological model (Bronfenbrenner, 1989) highlights the importance of the microsystems of community and neighborhood as well as other environmental influences in predicting and understanding antisocial behavior (McWhirter, et al., 2017). That being said, peer influences as well as individual characteristics of youth all contribute to the ecology of the problem (McWhirter, et al., 2017). My cousins’ parents lacked strict supervision so he was not necessarily disciplined as he should have been. My cousin got away with a lot of the stuff that he did so that is why he would continue to do it. My cousin would consistently skip school, and refuse to do school work as well. Low or no involvement in school activities as well as low achievement in school are highly linked with juvenile delinquency (Clinton, Clark, Straub, 2015).The problem with juvenile delinquency is that it is very highly linked to adult crime. Once an adolescent commits a crime, they might have conviction on their record for a while. It can be hard for them to get out of that type of lifestyle, it can be hard for them to eventually get a job, so they will continue to occupy themselves by committing crimes and surrounding themselves with the wrong people.ReferenceClinton, T., Clark, C., & Straub, J. (2015). The quick-reference guide to counseling teenagers.Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.McWhirter, J.J., McWhirter, B.T., McWhirter, E. H., & McWhirter, R.J. (2017). At-risk youth:A comprehensive response for counselors, teachers, psychologist, and human serviceprofessionals (6thed.). Belmont, TN: Brooks/Cole P8ublishing CO.Bottom of FormBottom of Form