Discussion—Fossil Fuels versus Renewable Energy Discuss the scientific and technical concepts related to the uses of fossil fuels and renewable energy resources
The use of both fossil and renewable energy fuels serve a significant role in the development as well as running of varied mechanisms in any given state but in certain forms like electricity. However, the final acceptable for of energy usually encompasses use of varied mechanisms that are extremely complex, for instance, like that of electricity. In order to obtain electricity from both fossil and renewable energy sources, it is imperative for one to apply relevant scientific techniques to harness them. Obtaining of electricity usually entails use of coal coupled with devising or establishing an appropriate coal fire power plant. In this case, coal normally serves the purpose of heating water to produce steam, which in turn is essential in running turbines give the final product, which is electricity (Goldemberg &. Siqueira Prado, 2011). After extraction of oil from the underground, it ought to pass through a refinery to produce other varied essential in running diverse machines like vehicles though these fuels are lighter in terms of carbon content. On heating oil under pressure, it produces hot exhaust gases that spin turbines meant to generate electricity, which is an extremely complex procedure. To produce electricity, the first step involves burning the natural gas. This creates superheated gas with heightened high pressure essential in facilitating turning of turbines in an electric field, which in turn gives the required energy. Conversely, renewable sources such as wind turbines, wave power geothermal and offers an alternative method of generating electricity. Production of electricity by these methods involves provision of a mechanical force that facilitates turning of turbines in the generators and generation of electricity from the generators. This results to production of a renewable form of energy (Goldemberg &. Siqueira Prado, 2011).
Explain the advantages and disadvantages related to both fossil fuels and renewable energy resources such as wind power, hydroelectricity, geothermal energy, and biomass.
The advantages of using fossil fuel include the following:
Coal is an abundant source in terms of carbon content whose purpose encompasses increasing the rate of electricity produced.
Method used in the extraction of coal is cheap and affordable including even expenses incurred during mining this commodity (Liming, 2009).
It also offers a variety of fuels once it has undergone cracking and distillation processes such as, kerosene, gasoline and diesel (Liming, 2009).
They are significant potential environment pollutants. Burning of natural gas produces CO2 and NO.
Produced smoke end up being a medium meant to deposit harmful pollutants in the atmosphere like HFCs known to deplete ozone (Liming, 2009).
Continued extraction of this commodity leads to its exhaustion.
Fossil fuels’ preparation their respective processes are expensive because they normally entail heavy machinery besides funds.
Renewable energy advantages
Their pollution is quite little or insignificant because their mechanisms are environmentally friendly (Liming, 2009).
They have significant limitations like wind
The capital costs for equipment to convert renewable energy like wind and tide are extremely high.
Goldemberg, J., &. Siqueira P. L. T. (2011). The decline of the world’s energy intensity. .Energy Policy, .39(3), 1802-1805.
Liming, H. (2009). Financing rural renewable energy: a comparison between China and India. .Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,13(5), 1096-1103.