Disability and Education

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Inclusive education was formerly based on the principle that all should have the opportunity to learn together. This is not a universally recognized idea. But the subject is of active debate as it creates questions of a moral and educational nature. Moreover, there are practical concerns, particularly in developing countries with inadequate resources and teacher expertise. Disability in medical terms includes physical and mental impairments such as blindness, deafness, various other conditions that make it difficult or impossible to walk or to speak, mental illnesses, and such things as Down’s syndrome and epilepsy. It is unlucky that many disabled people face social exclusion or poverty as the result of the normal functional limitations caused by their ‘disabilities’. In a social understanding disability of people is not because of their impairments but as a result of the limitations imposed on them by attitudinal, social, cultural, economic, and environmental barriers to their involvement in society. This ‘social model’ of understanding points to the normality of impairment within any population. It is argued that having an impairment is not the main criterion but discrimination against and social exclusion because of impairment is what Disabling (Albert, 2005).All agree with the reality that education is a basic right for all children and also it makes it feasible to reduce poverty. Disabled people face various educational and employment challenges: The response of other people towards the disabled affected their belief in a negative way that their disability had reduced their educational opportunities. Major progress has been made towards equal access to education and attitudes towards the education of disabled people were also felt to have changed in recent times. But, few felt that education had been reduced through lack of personal support, poor physical access, or limited support to their needs (Molloy, D. et al 2003).There is a strong feeling that women and girls with disabilities neglected and discriminated against more comparing to their male disabled counterparts in the education arena.