Sustainable development requires the adoption of a holistic approach that takes into account social equity, economic growth, and environmental management. The article outlines sustainable methodologies that can be adopted to design airports for the emerging challenges in the 21st century.In the article, the authors identify three cornerstones for the development of sustainable airports. These include the environment. capacity and efficiency and. safety and security. These three cornerstones are centered on business development and value creation. According to Ericsson et al (2008), airports’ operations present a dilemma, especially when it comes to balancing certain factors such as safety and security and capacity and efficiency. Drawing from Swedavia’s experience, the authors emphasize that a positive total experience can only be achieved if operations run efficiently and with enough capacity, are safe and secure, and have an environmentally sound strategy.
The article identifies safety and security as the two most significant factors in commercial air transport. In ensuring safety and security, the challenge lies in the identification and clarification of the main security and safety concerns on a local and global basis. The solution lies in Security Management Systems and Safety Management Systems, as well as the design and implementation of comprehensive safety systems that fulfill ICAO’s requirements of the certification process for aerodromes.Capacity and efficiency have to do with the social and economic aspects of air transport. In coping with issues of inefficiency and lack of capacity, airports have to adopt certain tools. One such tool provided by the authors is collaborative decision-making which can be used to increase predictability. Predictability is of great significance to airports and airlines in their operations management and enhances decision-making capabilities through the sharing of information by airport partners.