Counterpoint/Augmentation of Transhumanism

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by Nixon Bostrom and The Transhumanism FAQs: A General Introduction, by Nixon Bostrom. According to Bostrom (2011), the formal definition of transhumanism cited directly from the source. …is a way of thinking about the future based on the premise that the human species in its current form does not represent the end of our development but a rather comparatively early phase. We formally define it as follows: 1) The intellectual and cultural movement that affirms the possibility and desirability of improving fundamentally the human condition through applied reason, especially by developing and making widely available technologies to eliminate aging and to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capabilities. 2) The study of ramifications, promises, and potential dangers of technologies that will enable us to become fundamental human limitations, and the related study of the ethical matters involved in the developing and using such technologies. The point being expressed by this definition is that this intended undertaking will solve the human limitations. More specifically, the limitations targeted here are human death, limited human memory span, IQ and minor limitations like stress, depression, fatigue, among others. From these propositions there are a few reservations to point out. First, the limited human intelligent which it intends to engage to create the supernatural, raises a concern as to how well he will achieve the task of creating this superhuman that surpasses him (Rees 2011). Even if it were possible already to create these superhumans, according to scientific policies of which it is required that a new technology has to undergo a given period of rigorous test to be adopted. how long would it take before we first see the prototype and exhaustively explore it before we can confirm it to be less hostile to the rest of the population? What about if the superhuman being rejects the creator who is the ordinary being with limitations that cannot subdue the successor? Since it is the same the experts behind the concept who have vehemently admitted that current human is far too limited. Joy (2011) raises similar concern in his work, Why the future doesn’t need us. In this source he meticulously states that human being would likely guarantee their own extinction by developing the technologies favored by transhumanists. He gives an example of the grey goo case where stubborn self-replicating nanorobots could consume the entire ecosystems, resulting into global ecophagy (the literal consuming of an ecosystem). As if that is not enough outcries over the transhumanism, Rees (2011) decries this path adopted by science. He states advanced science and technology could bring as much of disaster as opportunity for progress. He clarifies himself that science is better ventured into with a lot of caution. Rees (2011) contributed to the criticism in her work Cybog Manifesto. Cybog is an illustration of the transhuman that is intended to be created by science. It is a hypothetical person whose physical abilities are extended beyond human limitations by mechanical elements built into the body. From the definition of the cybog, it is realized that the intended superhuman will poses greater mechanical fitness or strength. Can this, mechanical fitness and higher brain power guarantee superhumans will be perfect? No, it does not