This is the reason behind the re-education policy implemented under Mao’s government which sent many college-educated citizens into the countryside where they were forced to work hard and dangerous labor. Religion and ethnic identities are also attributed to aspects of inequality, and therefore the Chinese government felt it was necessary to not recognize any religions or other cultures in their official policies. This is the reasoning behind the One China agenda as promoted by the Chinese government. For reasons dating back many centuries, China considers Tibet to be a part of China, though Tibetans consider themselves to be a separate country, nationality, and identity from China. In order to pursue the One China agenda, China invaded Tibet, and the Dalai Lama eventually fled the country in 1959 to India along with many other refugees. Since then the Dalai Lama has led a sort of exiled government hoping to be able to restore independence to his country and to be restored to his position as a spiritual leader in his country. Outright independence is not likely to ever happen without a complete rearrangement of the power structure within the PRC’s government. The only thing that the Dalai Lama has been able to affect is the human rights violation that led to the deaths of unknown Tibetans by appealing to the Western media. Since the 1980’s the Dalai Lama has been in negotiations in something that he calls the Middle Way, which is a compromise which seeks to gain autonomy for Tibet while still officially remaining under Chinese rule. Many Tibetans have grown gradually more cynical as to whether the Dalai Lama will ever be able to gain any amount of autonomy or independence for Tibet: ’There is a growing frustration within the Tibetan community, especially the younger generation,’ Rigzin said. ‘His Holiness’ brand of ‘middle way’ has been in existence for the last 20 years.