Comparison of the Iliad Odyssey and Aeneid

0 Comment

This paper will comprehensively delve into the differences and similarities in the connection among humans, gods and fate. Primarily, expecting a difference in the works of the two authors is inevitable. The two authors came from different races. Virgil was from the Roman race and Homer from the Grecian race descent. With this as a premise, there are noticeable differences in their belief in gods as they have portrayed in their works.Although their works both heavily address the importance of gods and fate on human lives by making these as a major theme, there are evident differences in their description of these gods. In Virgil’s Aeneid, influenced greatly by the writer’s Roman belief on gods, he had mentioned the presence of household gods or Penates. In the second book of Virgil’s Aeneid, particularly on the instances when Aeneas was departing from the burning city and when Priam was killed. These household gods were not mentioned by Homer in his two works, the Iliad and the Odyssey.On the other hand, the Iliad and Odyssey had no mention of household gods. The works only mentioned gods such as Zeus, Athena, Poseidon, Hermes and other deities. Interestingly, the Greek gods mentioned in Homer’s works have their Roman counterpart in Virgil’s Aeneid.Dissimilarity in the relationship of these gods with humans in the Iliad, Odyssey and Aeneid is also evident. In Aeneid, the human character Aeneas in his journey upon leaving his homeland to search for another. received help from the gods as shown when his goddess mother, Venus rescued him from death at the Trojan War. However, the story entirely revolved around Aeneas’ quest to seek new land to settle in and though he received aid from the gods, the events in his life were mainly driven by his mission of seeking new land.