The purpose of ascertaining the number of sentences within each corpus will provide insight as to the length of the sentences, as the higher the number of sentences found within a 300-word corpus, then the shorter the sentences would have to be. The fewer the number of sentences then, would realize longer, compound and complex sentences and thus would render more dependent clauses.
A dependent clause does not convey a complete idea and therefore is unable to stand by itself. in other words, a dependent clause relies on an independent clause for meaning. Tallerman (1998) refers to dependent clauses as subordinate clauses and the independent clause, which must contain a finite verb, as the matrix clause. .
A dependent clause, or subordinate clause, is introduced with a subordinator (Oshima &. Hogue, 1999) which can take the function of an adverb, adjective or noun. Tallerman (1998) refers to these words as ‘complementizers’ (p.81). If introduced with an adverbial subordinator, such as because, so, if, when and while, the dependent clause is called an adverbial clause because it works as an adverb and modifies the verb in the independent clause (Oshima &. Hogue, 1999). for example, Adverbial clauses may provide a reference to place, time, frequency, distance, reason, result, contrast, concession (results that are not expected), purpose and manner (Oshima &. Hogue, 1999), as illustrated below:
A dependent clause introduced with a relative adverb such as when or where, or a relative pronoun such as which, who, that or whose, is called a relative clause and works as an adjective, meaning that it modifies or supports a noun or a pronoun (Oshima &. Hogue, 1999). for example, Example (12) illustrates how the dependent relative clause ‘which are scheduled in the evenings’ modifies the noun phrase in the independent clause ‘many aerobic classes’. this independent clause is known as the antecedent and the verb in the relative clause agrees with the antecedent (Oshima &. Hogue, 1999).