Menu

Comparing Qualitative Research Designs

0 Comment

In this case, there is a relationship, between individual behavior and physiology, thus, behavioral aspects might lead to physiologic manipulation. On the other hand, qualitative research is able to answer most biopsychosocial questions, which quantitative research cannot (Poses amp. Isen, 1998). Today and in the recent past, physicians, clinical and health care researchers have used qualitative studies to answer different questions in the area of their practice. Nonetheless, in this paper, different types of qualitative studies, with various qualitative research designs, in the discipline of medicine and health sciences are analyzed and compared, in order to determine the nature of various research designs in qualitative studies. The first study is an observational, cross-sectional research, where Priti, Shirish, amp. Hardik (2013) investigated the perceptions of residents in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Western India on tetanus immunizations. Tetanus is a deadly disease, which is known to increase mortality rates. therefore, prevention has remained the best strategy to address the disease of tetanus. The most appropriate question, which this research would answer, is, what is the people’s level of knowledge on tetanus immunization, and how could tetanus immunization be improved to attract more people and increase its therapeutic efficiency? This could be the most probable question because the research was seeking people’s perception on tetanus immunization. Researches seeking people’s perceptions on a subject, in most cases aim at determining how people well understand the subject, and identifying loopholes in the subject or practice being studied, in order to undertake rectification where needed. On the other hand, although the main problem this research design was meant to address has not been highlighted. there are different problems, which this research design would address. However, the major problem this would address is reasons for increased mortality rate by the disease of tetanus. Nonetheless, the increased number of people dying because of tetanus would have raised considerable concern in the discipline of medicine and health sciences. Therefore, researchers in this field might have undertaken to find out why people are succumbing to tetanus when tetanus immunizations are provided. Would it be lack of knowledge on the side of the people, or inefficiency of the tetanus immunizations? This study involved a sample of 157, who were residents of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Western India. Previously, the selected sample was 257, but after using a formula that was chosen by the researchers. Nonetheless, 33 of all the participants were from the health institution’s para and pre clinical departments, 71 were from surgical department, while the remaining 53 were from medical branches in the health institution (Priti, Shirish, amp. Hardik (2013) Therefore, these cut through various sections of the health care institution, ensuring that each section is represented. In addition, all these participants were selected randomly. An important area in qualitative study is the way a research collects their data, the type of data they collect, and how they present it. In this study, the data was