Each country or group wants to top or dominate all spheres of human life. So, a group’s army in association with other armed groups only join ‘hands’ together, to protect the territorial integrity and to gain superiority. Among these two objectives, the wish to gain superiority over other groups has been the mentality of many groups and this has led to wars from time immemorial. When many nations or groups of the world have this objective and the other group of nations tries to protect their territory from these nations, it would result in civil wars. Along with these two major objectives, many other factors would also push groups to initiate Civil Wars.This part of the paper explains how each of the hypotheses were presented and operationalized with a series of testing. The main aim is to make the testing as apparent as possible. So, that the abstract concepts such as identity, divisibility and agreement proportions were matched with concrete indicators and carried out with apt statistical analysis. This transparency gives more scope to replicate the statistical analysis presented here and fill in the blank spaces that sometimes invariably happen and remain. Measuring variables is by nature an irregular and imperfect procedure as some of the indicators are close to tracing a particular variable, while others are inexact approximations.This chapter builds a theory of civil war settlement that focuses on the problems combatants’ face enforcing and credibly committing to the terms of a peace agreement. The two specific factors — third party guarantees to protect combatants as they demobilize and power sharing guarantees in the first postwar government — ultimately deter mine whether groups will sign and implement settlements.