When the eyes do not work properly, some level of impairment can result, or complete blindness may become a reality. This can affect one eye or both, but at some level, disability would be the result. It is important to note that blindness does not necessarily being left completely in the dark. Many individuals who are blind can still see light to some degree, or at least shadows. In essence, however, they cannot view things clearly and need some type of assistance to compensate for this reality. It is precise because of this limitation that disability is the result. In order to learn effectively in an academic environment, for example, modifications for such individuals need to be made in order to allow them the same functionality and ability to comprehend the material as a person with complete sight capabilities enjoy (Anastasiou &. Kauffman, 2011). A discussion of this is the focus of this paper.
It is important to remember that the classification of a disability carries certain legal and policy requirements along with it. When a personally is legally disabled, for example, they qualify for certain accommodations in society that they would not otherwise be entitled to. Beyond that, it also enables them to qualify for the very services that can help them maintain their sense of dignity within society and be able to be a contributing and productive member of the community. .For the blind individuals in society, a commonly used definition has been adopted to read as follows: “A person is blind if his or her vision, with the use of a correcting lens, is 20/200 or less in the better yet. . A person who has tunnel vision of 20 degrees or less in the better eye is also considered blind”. . By this definition, a person is considered legally blind and disabled if he or she is unable to engage in some type of substantial activity that would reasonably be expected of a person who had full control of his or her sight. .