There are a number of information sources at the disposal of criminal investigators. These sources must be carefully scrutinized to establish their accuracy and relevance to the crime. This means that stipulated rules are in place to oversee the procedure of collection of quality evidence.
In the context of the criminal investigation, a confession is a written or spoken statement that contains admissions made by a person. For a confession to be admissible, the prosecutor is tasked with ensuring that the admissions are made under circumstances that do not make it unreliable. False confessions are admissions made under oppressive circumstances on the part of the individual under interrogation.
The voluntary false confession is common in major cases that affect larger masses (Warden, 2009). It entails situations in which people want to get fame. This form of false confession results from unsound mental conditions, perhaps to shield the real perpetrators from facing the law. The compliant false is a confession is made by people who see their confession as the only resort from the situation in which they are in. The witnesses here aim to avoid a real threat or look forward to enjoying some sort of reward. Some false confessions are internalized. Such submissions are made when interrogators coerce suspects into believing they committed a crime. This is common amongst children and teens, fatigued individuals. Developmentally handicapped individuals also give false testimonies. These people have the desire to comply with authority by pleasing them with their false confessions.
The interrogation style employed by the interrogator is a cause of false confessions. Certain methods manipulate the defendants by inducements. Witnesses are coerced into giving false testimonies. These confessions are mainly police-induced.