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Calcium and osteoporosis in the elderly

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The skeletal structure of the body is made up of protein and calcium. Calcium plays a vital role in maintaining the bone strength. Calcium deficiency or its presence in excess quantity can also lead to osteoporosis. Certain hormones also play a critical role in maintaining the calcium level in the bones. If the level of these hormones increases or decreases then a person is more prone to osteoporosis. There are various other factors too that attribute to this disease however all these causes are directly or indirectly associated with the level or the kind of calcium intake by the body. . Calcium is a mineral that is essential for various functions in the body however excessive calcium can also be harmful . Calcium can be consumed by the body through the diet or by calcium supplements. The symptoms of osteoporosis are not very prominent initially. There are certain methods by which it can be diagnosed and prevented from occurring in the old age. The treatment involves various therapies. In certain cases, it cannot be cured by direct intake of the right kind of calcium .In order to prevent this disease from occurring it is imperative to have adequate knowledge on the kind and the amount of calcium required by the body.
"Osteoporosis is derived from two words. "Osteo" means bones and "porosis" means porous. Osteoporosis is a disease that causes the fracture of the bones. …
As per a study done for five and a half years by the University of Aberdeen 5300 people above the age of 70 have suffered from fracture due to osteoporosis [Calcium Supplements unable to cure fractures, 2005].
"Osteoporosis is of two types-Type I or high turn over osteoporosis and Type II or senile osteoporosis. The first category generally affects the women between 50 to 75 years of age. It is caused due to the loss of calcium from bones as a result of decrease in estrogen level after menopause. This kind leads to the weakening bones at the hips, wrist, forearms and spinal cord. The second category affects both men and women. Due to the imbalance between bone loss and its formation senile osteoporosis is caused. Women with "dowagers hump" generally suffer from senile osteoporosis. Those women who undergo early menopause or have never given birth also suffer from type II osteoporosis. Men with reduced testosterone level also suffer from this kind of osteoporosis. It affects the legs and the spinal cord" [Lab tests online, 2004].Whatever may be the type of osteoporosis, it is directly associated with the level of calcium.
"There are no prominent symptoms of osteoporosis at an early stage. A patient may not be aware of its existence in the body until the bone fractures at certain part of the body. For instance, the bones of a person may start weakening at the age of 30 and the fracture may appear at the age of 50. There are different kinds of symptoms that appear at a later stage depending on the part of the body that has been affected. Osteoporosis of the spine causes chronic back pain that radiates from back to both sides. It causes hunch back due to the loss of height and curving of spine. In certain parts of the body the fracture occurs while a person is performing