0 Comment

Introduction General Overview)Yunchang Guan, also known as Guanyu and Guangong was a military general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China. He was born in Hedong Commandery around 160 CE(Common era) during the end of the Han dynasty. He was one of the primary generals in Liu’s military. After the “Battle of Red Cliffs”, Guan helped Liu achieved many victories. And he was decapitated after deny serving in Sun Quan’s team. Throughout his life, beyond all questions, he was and still is famous for many of his brave combat. His accomplishments and traits have great influences in Chinese society today.Background informationAt Guan’s early life, he escaped from his hometown to Zhuo Commandery涿郡 after he murdered someone. In 184 CE, Liu Bei organized a militia by the supporters from the village to help defend the village from the yellow turban. Guan and Zhang Fei became part of the team and began flighting together with Liu Bei. Soon after they developed a brotherhood between three of them. They treated each other as brothers and never deny any orders Liu gives during the combat. Story/accomplishment From History what did he do for a living) – He was a military general serving in warlord Liu Bei’s team. Cao Cao had a higher ranking than Liu, so he was able to give orders to Guan. But in Guan’s mind, he still wanted to follow Liu’s order instead of Cao’s because of his loyalty to Liu. what qualities/traits make him famous) – Loyal and faithful- When he was captured by Sun Quan, even facing death threats, he denied serving for him because he was loyal to his own military. – Righteous and brave what did he accomplish that makes him famous- Along with Zhang Fei, he shared a brotherly relationship with Liu Bei and accompanied him on most of his early exploits. Guan Yu played a significant role in the events leading up to the end of the Han dynasty and the establishment of Liu Bei’s state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. While his loyalty towards Liu Bei is honored, he is also known for repaying Cao Cao’s kindness by slaying Yan Liang, a general under Cao Cao’s rival Yuan Shao, at the Battle of Boma. After Liu Bei gained control of Yi Province in 214, Guan Yu remained in Jing Province to govern and defend the area for about seven years. In 219, while he was away fighting Cao Cao’s forces at the Battle of Fancheng, Liu Bei’s ally Sun Quan broke the Sun–Liu alliance and sent his general Lü Meng to conquer Liu Bei’s territories in Jing Province. By the time Guan Yu found out about the loss of Jing Province after his defeat at Fancheng, it was too late. He was subsequently captured in an ambush by Sun Quan’s forces and executed.Influence in Society Today Why is it important for me to talk about)How does he make an impact on other’s life- After his death, he was deified and named “Guangong” by the people. Many imperial dynasties in the past had commendations about Guan. He was nominated as the Sage of Military by the Qing Dynasty. This is being said that his nomination is the same level as the Sage of Literature––Confucius. – Opera, drama, movies, and literature books including textbooks- In the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, he was nominated as one of the five remarkable generals by an ancient state named Shu. – Chinese folk religion in Asia and outside Asia- In China, during the late 20th century to the early 21st century, many criminal syndicates, which declared themselves as gangsters, most of them had a belief in Guan because Guan was a representation of loyal, faithful, righteous and brave people. – Until today, it is easy to find business having the – tattoo- In Taiwan, Guan Yu is known as the Taiwanese believers’ benefactor, that also is, the meaning of the savior. Which represents the importance of Guan to the local people. – In Southeast Asia, including Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand and etc, there are numbers of Temple to worship Guan, they are called “Temple of Lord Guan”(关帝庙). – Cultural religion: Influence in Taoism and Buddhism- Taosim named him ”Guan Sheng Di Jun” (关圣帝君), one of the four guardians in Taoist myth Conclusion So throughout history, no matter it was in the past or in the present time, Guan was and still is treated as a legend and almost a godlike character for what he accomplished during the war and how his traits reflected his behaviors.