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Art History Final Short answers and Slide identification plus discussion

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rough in architectural styles because Gropius’ Bauhaus buildings replaced the use of timber rafters with machine-made materials, flat roofs, white walls, metal-framed windows and others (Sparke et al. 96). The simplistic style and rectilinear form also paved the way for the possibility of additional space in a form of an extra story or another wing (Gropius 25-30).The surrealist depiction of melting pocket watches in Salvador Dali’s Persistence of Memory was a great example of the whimsical symbolisms which are prevalent in the Art Deco style. Dali’s painting was a common reference in popular culture and had generated many interpretation of the relevance of time in the painting (Persistence of Memory, MoMA).The oil on canvas painting entitled Three Women was considered as the masterpiece of Fernand Léger’s mechanical period. As one of the major artist of the Cubism style, the painting showcased his experimentation with contrasting curvilinear forms against a rectilinear grid (The Bulfinch Guide).Léger’s painting depicted nudity in a stylized manner with feminine and rounded yet buffed curves and dislocated forms. The mechanical way the painting was executed is a reflection of the Machine Age and an insight to Léger’s belief that art and the machine age would together reverse the chaos unleashed by World War II (Three Women, MoMA).Meret Oppenheims Object, commonly known as the fur-covered cup, saucer and spoon, can be considered as the single most infamous Surrealist art piece due to the contrasting idea it portrayed. The art piece plays with the imagination and captured the contrast between the sensuousness and eroticism associated with a fur-covered object, and the refined and formal image of the tea set in association with good behavior and etiquette (Object, MoMA).As one of the important figures in Avant Garde art or New Objectivity style, most of Otto Dix’s paintings were representations of the void