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Analysis of the Korean War

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In Europe America and it is North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies faced the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies, but with no actual movement against one another. Asia was a different issue. Communism was straining to expand from its already established areas into fresh territories, and the foreign policy of the United States of America towards this region was forced to change accordingly, and with that came the Truman Doctrine of containment of Communism in 1947. The Korean War was a test of the resolve of the United States of America to commit American armed forces in containing the spread of communism.Korea had been under Japanese rule from the nineteenth century onwards. The end of the Second World War witnessed the liberation of Korea, but it was divided into two parts along the 38th Parallel with Soviet Union forces occupying the north and American forces in the south. Encouraged by the United States of America, an elected anti-communist government was established in the south, while in a similar move a communist government was established in the north. An uneasy peace was the result of these actions between the two Korean parts.In the meantime communist forces in China defeated the non-communist forces, confining them to the island of Formosa and setting up a communist government in China. This victory for communism in China was to have serious implications on the situation in Korea and the communism containment strategy of the United States of America. Emboldened by this success, in 1950 communist North Korea decided to use force to unite the non-communist South Korea with it, and this necessitated the American response, which led to the Korean War from 1950 to 1953 (1).On June 27, 1950, President Truman made a statement committing American armed forces into the support of the South Korean forces to stem the invasion from communist Korea.