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Analysis of the European Culture Found in the Gothic Era

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The Gothic Era is one of the two most important international eras that contributed through paintings, architecture, music, and literature to the art in Europe. The Gothic period basically evolved from Romanesque art and remained for a long period of time. It symbolizes the transition that took place in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance Period.The architecture was one of the most important of all the visual arts that were found in the Gothic Era. The basic structure of the Gothic architecture evolved because the previously made buildings had a lot of heavy stonework and would usually collapse, as Martindale relates. ( 1974) According to him, the masonry ceiling vaults before were arched and had such heavy work that it was often very hard for the walls to withstand the downward pressure of the ceiling vaults. In order to end this problem, the masons found in the Gothic Era created many inventions. The first, as Martindale relates, was that the ceiling now consisted of thin panels of stone. This greatly reduced the weight that had to be withstood before. (1974) Further, the thin ceilings were supported by the newly created ribbed vaults. The vault’s weight as Martindale relates was just focused on some points (where the ribs were present) rather than being thrust upon the entire ceiling. (1974) also, the round arches that had existed before were replaced by pointed arches. Thus the weight of the ceiling was distributed further.Before this invention, the pressure from the ceiling was so much that the walls of the building had to have thick walls that could cope with the pressure. With this invention, this was not needed. The walls could be as thin (as the pressure was lower). Because of the presence of the thin walls, it was also easy to set up large windows. Hence the buildings could be airy. Another important technique that helped reduce the ceiling thrust that was created due to heavy stonework was the fact that the walls though a buttress (called the flying buttress) were linked to a pier, as Martindale explains.